Through archaeometric studies, it is possible to deduce the provenance of the raw materials and to define the working technologies of finds. Microstructural, chemical and physical characterisations are basic for this scope.

The archaeometric information together with archaeological and historical ones allow to reconstruct the trade routes and the contexts of uses of the ancient objects. The diagnostic investigations deal with the study of a multiple system, object-environment-interaction areas, focusing on the degradation phenomena and on their diffusion rate.

The analysis of deterioration mechanisms occurring in the ancient artefacts is important in order to plan targeted restoration interventions and correct conservation and maintenance programs.